Soil Fertilization: A Necessity for Gardening

soil managmentSoil plays a crucial role in the survival of the human race. It is where all our sources of the food supply springs. Cultivating essential food crops such as wheat and rice will not be possible if not for healthy soil. Add to that, freshly picked fruits and newly harvested vegetables we can’t enjoy. All will not be possible without farms and farmers who work up their sleeves tending on the soil.

Hence, farming is ingrained in every culture. It reflects the growing number of people going green! People nowadays are beginning to revamp their yard to vegetable gardens. Soil fertilization and nutrient management now become a need for budding Riverside gardeners.

Since soil is the medium for plant growth, it is only proper to take good care of it, too! Now, there is a broad spectrum of fertilizers you can choose from, but not all of it can benefit your planting yard. Thus, it is also imperative to have a wise choice to best suit the condition and soil type.

The importance of soil fertility in your garden is directly proportional to your plant’s growth. The more organic matters are present on the ground, the better sustenance you give your crops. Here are the reasons why:

Increased Plant Nutrients

soil fertilizationAir and water are fundamental plant supplies. Essential building blocks of all carbon-based lifeforms, including plants, are carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. Other vital elements are called plant nutrients located in the topsoil. These plant nutrients have two categories. First is the macronutrients, which are needed in large quantities. Examples of these are nitrogen, magnesium, phosphorous, calcium, potassium, and sulfur. The second one is the micronutrients. These include iron, zinc, sodium, chlorine, molybdenum, manganese, boron, copper, and cobalt. Micronutrients are desirable in small amounts.

Soils alone contain varying nutrient aggregates that can increase by introducing fertilizers. Fertilizers (organic or inorganic) help promote nutrients that are essential for plant development. Properly managed soil fertilizer ensures good harvests.

Improved Pore Space

They look intact at first glance, but in reality, you can see that soil particles do not tightly fit. They have spaces that separate them called pores. Pore spaces are the gateway for air and water so that they can trickle down the roots of a plant. Sand has large pores while the clay has small ones. That is why water drains in the former while water swamps on top of the latter. For an optimal garden condition, a gardener must cultivate a soil. Cultivated soil allows air and water to go down its layers at a moderate rate. This optimization is possible by adding organic matter (OM) found in organic fertilizers. Hence, fertilizers amend sandy soils by adding aggregates to their particles.

Better Water-Holding Capacity

The ability of soil to hold water is called water-holding capacity. For sandy soil, water tends to seep in faster. Soil aggregates are added in the form of fertilizer to remedy this. However, it is noteworthy that managing fertilizers are a must for clayey soil because we would want to trap more water on the surface, won’t we?

Soil is more than the stereotypical dirt people associate it with. It is the key to the proper development of one’s plants and vegetations. Doing this replenishes the soil from which plants take up nutrients to enhance growth. This is possible through soil fertilization practices done at home.

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